The field of Digital Humanities responds to the challenges and opportunities arising from digitalization in humanities research. The subject’s interdisciplinary character is twofold: On one hand, Digital Humanities operate at the intersection between information/computer technology and knowledge in the humanities; on the other, they deal with the cross-disciplinary similarities in the use of technologies, approaches and methods for processing digital project and research data within the humanities. The aim is to make the content of digital sources available and networkable for research in the humanities, to generate digital data and finally to archive this data sustainably. This involves creating virtual research environments and database systems, and developing computer-assisted procedures to systematically work  with large amounts of data from various sources over long periods.

This innovative field, which is constantly gaining in importance, requires new specialists and a dedicated training program. The University of Basel’s doctoral program in Digital Humanities was created to fill this gap. By offering a suitable platform and a network of experts and research groups from various disciplines, it provides broad support for doctoral students. Programs such as this one are not only important for the training of future researchers – they also make an important contribution towards meeting the increasing demand for interdisciplinary specialists in various areas of the private sector and in memory institutions, archives and museums.

Research at the University of Basel’s Digital Humanities Lab (DHLab) focuses on developing new digital tools and methods and evaluating their implications for research and research results in a reflective and interdisciplinary discourse. The DHLab specializes in various research and application areas, including:

  • Analog and digital photography
  • Image processing and restoration
  • Digitization of image collections
  • Digital archiving, data hosting, data migration
  • Digital infrastructures (e.g. editions, collections, RDF databases)
  • Computer-aided analysis of media, culture and society
  • Digital editing and corpus building
  • Computational and experimental analysis of literary texts (e.g. reading studies)
  • Theory and methodology of digitization
  • Digital imaging, computational photography
  • Image processing and restoration
  • Long-term archiving of digital knowledge 

In addition, the Digital Humanities Lab operates numerous research projects and infrastructures such as the Data and Service Center for the Humanities (DaSCH) or the virtual research environment SALSAH. It is also involved in the inter-university NIE-INE project to establish a national infrastructure for editions.

In addition to the information below, we recommend students from abroad to read the information sheet step by step – Preliminary information for international PhD candidates at the University of Basel.

Admission and matriculation

To be admitted to a doctorate, applicants must hold a master’s degree in a field related to the desired subject of doctoral research with an average grade of at least 5.0 rounded to the nearest tenth (the Swiss system awards grades from 1 to 6 with 6 being the highest grade and 4 being a “pass”). Other degrees from a higher education institution recognized by the University of Basel may be deemed partially or fully equivalent on the condition that the applicant acquires any missing credits. Acontinuing education program qualification from a university (e.g. Master of Advanced Studies) does not entitle an applicant to be admitted to a doctorate.

Application

Admission applications must be submitted online to the university’s Student Administration Office. Applications can also be submitted after the official application deadline has passed. However, there is no guarantee that the application will be processed in time for the desired semester, or that the applicant will be able to attend courses in the current semester.

Admission to a doctoral program

Before you can be accepted onto a doctoral program, you must successfully apply for admission to doctoral studies in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Basel. Once you have been admitted, you can begin your search for a place on a doctoral program. For application information, please see the website of the relevant doctoral program.

Cotutelle de thèse

The University of Basel website provides information about how to conduct a doctoral project at the University of Basel and at a second university in a foreign country, leading to a double doctoral degree or “cotutelle de thèse”.

Language requirements

The main languages of instruction in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences are German and English (with the exception of the Department of Languages and Literatures). To ensure your studies are successful, you should be proficient in the languages of instruction for your doctoral subject to at least C1 level as defined in the European Framework of Reference. The Language Center at the University of Basel helps students to attain the required level of proficiency.

Office of the Dean of Research

    Student Administration PhD

      A doctorate usually lasts between three and five years and includes a dissertation, curriculum-based courses, and the doctoral examination. Curriculum-based courses make up at least 12 credit points in individual doctorates and at least 18 credit points in doctoral programs. First, however, a doctoral committee must be formed that will define the framework for the doctorate and work with you to draw up a Doctoral Agreement including an individual study plan.

      Doctoral committee

      Structure and tasks

      Every doctorate is supported by a doctoral committee. This committee usually consists of a first and second supervisor but can also include a third person. The first supervisor is primarily responsible for making sure that the doctoral project is conducted correctly and that suitable supervision is provided. The doctoral committee defines the curriculum-based courses to be completed and provides the doctoral candidate with feedback on the quality and progress of his or her work during regular supervisory meetings. All members of the doctoral committee produce an independent, graded evaluation report on the dissertation submitted.

      Forming and appointing the committee  

      The first supervisor must be appointed when the application for admission to a doctorate is submitted. The application to act as first supervisor must be submitted to the Student Administration Office together with the application for admission. Ideally, all other supervisors should be appointed by the time the doctorate begins. However, the doctoral committee must be named and appointed by the doctoral board at the latest 12 months after the start of the doctorate. The deadline by which the doctoral committee must be appointed is provided to the doctoral candidate along with their admission letter.

      Any Group I professor in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Basel can serve as first supervisor. Members of Group II (assistant professors without tenure track, honorary professors who hold a doctorate, and private lecturers with a postdoctoral qualification from the faculty) can serve as first supervisor provided the second supervisor is a Group I professor. In this case, the second supervisor must be named in the first supervisor’s application when the application for admission to a doctorate is submitted. Upon request to the doctoral board – the doctoral agreement shall suffice in this case – honorary professors from the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences who hold a doctorate and Group I members from a different faculty at the University of Basel may be deemed equivalent to Group I members from the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in matters concerning the doctoral committee.
      Any of the Group I and II faculty members mentioned above may serve as second supervisor. Upon request – the doctoral agreement shall suffice in this case – the doctoral board may also permit a second supervisor to be appointed from outside the faculty or outside the University of Basel. This person must hold a comparable qualification and position as internal second supervisors and hold the right to confer doctorates at their home institution. All contact details for the external second supervisor requested must be specified in the doctoral agreement (connection to their university, postal and email addresses). The doctoral board decides whether to approve the external second supervisor.
      The doctoral candidate may apply to the doctoral board to add a third supervisor to the doctoral committee. In the case of a three-person committee, either the second or third supervisor does not need to hold the right to confer doctorates; however, this person must have a demonstrable link to a higher education institution or possess a high level of expertise in the doctoral topic. An informal application letter must be submitted to the doctoral board explaining why the supervisor has been chosen and providing details of their position, institutional connection, and addresses (postal and email address). The application must be supported by the first supervisor. The doctoral board decides whether to approve three-person committees.

      For more information about the process for completing a doctorate, visit the website of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

      Contact

        Registering for the doctoral examination

        Once doctoral candidates have written their dissertation, passed all curriculum-based courses, and fulfilled all other requirements, they can apply for admission to the doctoral examination. Each candidate must complete the following steps:

        • Submit a copy of the dissertation manuscript to each supervisor. The faculty does not bear any of the costs incurred in sending out dissertation manuscripts.
        • Submit a copy of the dissertation manuscript to the Student Administration Services of the Dean’s Office in person (during office hours or as arranged) along with the written application for admission to the doctoral examination and all details and documents specified in the information provided about registering for the doctoral examination.

        Candidates should register for the doctoral examination at the latest four months before the desired oral examination date. Doctoral examinations cannot be held during master’s examination sessions. Doctoral candidates are admitted to the doctoral examination once their dissertation has been accepted by the supervisors. The Dean’s Office must be informed of their decision to accept or refuse the dissertation within the four months after the dissertation was submitted. The candidate will be provided with confirmation that the dissertation has been accepted and they have been admitted to the exam when they receive their examination invitation and schedule.

        Exam organization and doctoral examination

        The examination is held at the latest within two months of acceptance of the dissertation. Doctoral candidates must remain matriculated until the exam takes place. The examination is organized by the Student Administration Services of the Dean’s Office. The doctoral examination is accepted by the supervisor who is chiefly responsible; where possible, the other supervisors on the doctoral committee should always take part in exams. Examiners may participate via Skype upon request, provided that they are participating from a foreign country and that the first supervisor and the candidate attend in person. For an examiner to participate via Skype, all exam participants must provide informal, written consent to the Student Administration Services of the Dean’s Office. The candidate is responsible for the technology required. The Dean’s Office is usually able to provide the necessary devices and internet access. 

        Doctoral examinations last for 60 minutes and are not usually open to the public (exceptions must be arranged beforehand with the Student Administration Services of the Dean’s Office). The exam includes a dissertation defense based on the evaluation report provided in advance. The defense starts with a presentation lasting around 15 minutes followed by a discussion, which can cover the wider subject area to which the dissertation belongs. Once the candidate has passed the doctoral examination, the examination chairperson confers the provisional doctorate. Until the doctorate becomes legally binding, the candidate may use the title Dr. phil. des. (Doctor philosophiae designatus).

        Doctoral degree transcript and graduation ceremony

        The degree transcript is presented at the graduation ceremony. Candidates who pass their exam between February 1 and July 31 attend the ceremony held the following September; candidates who pass between August 1 and January 31 attend the ceremony held the following March. Candidates who are unable to attend the ceremony in person may receive their graduation documents by post upon request.

        Publication, doctoral certificate, and right to bear title

        The doctoral process is not deemed complete until the candidate has fulfilled their duty of publication and the certificate has been presented. The candidate is obliged to deliver the dissertation in the format specified in the faculty publication guidelines within three years of the doctoral examination. The university library’s instructions for printing and binding dissertations must also be taken into account. Detailed instructions on how to publish dissertations in electronic format can be found in the E-Dissertation section of the university library’s edoc document server.

        Once the candidate has fulfilled their duty of publication, the doctoral certificate will be issued, ideally within two months. The doctoral certificate entitles the bearer to use the academic title «Dr. phil.», or «PhD» in English. The doctorate will be announced in the Kantonsblatt Basel-Stadt.

        Contact

          Financing options for doctorates

          A doctorate usually lasts between three and five years. It is important to start thinking about financing for a doctorate at an early stage and to work with your first supervisor to find a solution before you start your studies. 

          Doctoral students should consider preparing a competitive application for a scholarship or a project position during the first project phase in order to continue and successfully complete their doctorate within the framework of third-party funding. Information on funding opportunities (Doc.CH, Swiss National Science Foundation, University of Basel research fund, foundations, etc.) and the University of Basel advisory services can be found on the relevant webpage of the Office of Early Career Researchers’ Development. The Research Professional database is anotherstructured tool for identifying suitable financing options.

          Printing cost contributions for dissertations

          The Max Geldner Dissertation Fund makes contributions to dissertation printing costs in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. The application form must be submitted before printing along with the publisher’s quote and a recommendation from the first supervisor.

          Applications received by the Office of the Dean of Research by February 15 or September 15 at the latest will be considered at the following meeting in February/March or September/October respectively. For more details, please see the information sheet

          Applications and documents should be sent to:
          Max Geldner-Dissertationenfonds
          Dekanat der Phil.-Hist. Fakultät
          Bernoullistr. 28
          4056 Basel
          Schweiz

          Subsidies for doctorate printing costs can also be requested from the Vice President’s Office for Research at the University of Basel.

          Contact

            Academic advice

              Teaching committee

                Become a PhDigital

                Digital Humanities Research Areas

                The digital aspects of doctoral projects can range from the development of new digital tools and methods to the use of existing digital applications and the evaluation of the implications for research and research results. The integration of different projects into an open, reflective and interdisciplinary discourse is central.

                In particular, we offer support with:

                •     Computer-aided analysis of media, culture and society
                •     Theory and methodology of digitization
                •     Digital imaging, computational photography
                •     Image processing and restoration
                •     Long-term archiving of digital knowledge
                •     Digital editing and corpus building
                •     Computational and experimental analysis of literary texts (e.g. reading studies)

                The Digital Humanities Program...

                ...is open for doctoral students of the University of Basel. The requirement for admission is a qualified dissertation project accompanied by a first or second supervisor from the Digital Humanities Labs. Doctoral students with other supervisors can also be accepted upon application.

                In addition to the dissertation project, the members of the "Digital Humanities" doctoral program provide curricular services amounting to 18 ECTS during the course of their doctorate. These are composed as follows:

                •     Presentation of research in (at least) three research colloquia (3 x 2 ECTS)
                •     Other activities (12 ECTS):
                  • Participation in conferences, workshops, colloquia, etc. with own contribution
                  • Organisation of conferences, workshops, etc.
                  • Participation in Transferable Skill Courses (max. 4 ECTS)
                  • Research-related internships
                  • Attendance at events recommended for the Digital Humanities doctorate

                General information on doctoral studies can be found on the pages of the Faculty of Philosophy and History and the Graduate Center (GRACE) of the University of Basel.


                REPORTS & IMPRESSIONS

                Doctoral Course: Distant Reading – Tools and Methods, December 2019

                Distant Reading, ein Verfahren, das durch die Digitalisierung in den Geisteswissenschaften entstanden ist, hat sich als einer der produktivsten Ansätze für literarische Texte erwiesen. Karten, Grafiken und Bäume, so Moretti (2005) in seinem Buch „Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstract Models for a Literary History“ ermöglichen die innovative Relektüre berühmter Werke ebenso die Beschäftigung mit in Vergessenheit geratenen Texten. Neue Muster werden sichtbar, Hypothesen können erstmals systematisch auf grösseren Korpora überprüft werden. Jedoch wird beim Distant Reading oftmals die wichtige Ebene der ursprünglichen Datenerfassung vernachlässigt: Woher kommen die Daten? Wie werden sie gewonnen? Welche Implikationen haben hier bestimmte Entscheidungen?

                In diesem Kurs wird vorgeschlagen, zur entscheidenden Phase der Datenerfassung zurückzukehren, indem die Produktionskette detailliert beschrieben wird. Wir beginnen mit OCR (Optical Character Recognition), ein Verfahren, das einen Bilddatensatz in nutzbaren Text umwandelt, wobei Variationen in Druck, Orthographie sowie Materialität der Artefakte Herausforderungen darstellen. Die zweite – und entscheidende – Einheit ist die XML-TEI-Codierung, die die gewonnenen Textdaten in eine durchsuchbare Datenbank transformiert und mit weiteren Informationen, etwa zu AutorIn, Gattung und Publikationszeitraum, versieht. Als dritte Einheit wird die Analyse mit der Software R aufgezeigt, die es ermöglicht, Forschungsfragen zu testen, sowie Daten explorativ zu analysieren und zu visualisieren.

                Dieser Kurs legt den Grundstein für ein erstes mehrsprachiges Schweizer Literaturkorpus (Französisch, Italienisch und Deutsch). Anhand dieses Korpus wird im Verlauf des Kurses das Verfahren des Distant Reading und seine Bedingungen auf allen Ebenen diskutiert.

                Der Kurs ist angebunden an ein gemeinsames Forschungsprojekt im Rahmen des europäischen Projekts Distant Reading for European Literary History https://www.distant-reading.net/

                 


                Doctoral Day: Computerizing Handwritings, July 2019

                The doctoral Day “Computerizing Handwritings: Current Approaches on Ancient Documents” held in Basel on June 27th 2019 gathered around 30 scholars and students. During the day, ten speakers from Switzerland, France, the Nederland and Germany could present their ongoing research on historical document analysis and successfully set the foundations for future collaborations.


                Forschungsseminar: Photographic Transition / Fotografische Übergänge, April 2019

                The transition from analog pictures to digital pictures is very complex and these two categories intertwine with each other very closely. There is no exact borderline between all these development of technology. A lot of scientist have invested their time and effort into making pictures as convenient as we know it today. One of the well-known engineer would be Steven Sasson, who invented the digital camera under the name Kodak. However, Kodak was well-known for their camera films back then. Shortly after Kodak has actually presented the very first digital camera, a lot of other big companies like Sony, Nokia, Canon and Fuji would jump into the market as well, leaving Kodak with their famous camera films behind. Kodak failed to survive in the new market because people would always see Kodak as a camera films company even though Kodak was always keeping up technologically. Kodak failed to share their innovation of digital cameras with their audience. 

                Nowadays taking pictures can be seen very well on screens unlike back the all the pictures would be on paper. Printing pictures are not as common anymore as in the last century. The digitalization has a huge influence on us in many aspects and a lot research has brought us to where we are today. 

                In this seminar a lot about analog and digital photography was discussed and analyzed. It showed the big spectrum about the past and the present which gives a bigger understanding for the complex transition from analog to digital photography.

                https://vorlesungsverzeichnis.unibas.ch/de/semester-planung?id=238603

                 


                Swiss DH Exchange, February 2019

                The Swiss Digital Humanities Exchange was on fire #DHX2019

                It all started with a tour of the DHLab Basel @Bernoullianum, a building that used to house the former Basel Observatory. Insights were given about on-going projects such as Bernoulli-Euler Online (presented by Tobias Schweizer) and Knora/Salsah (presented by Flavie Laurens & André Kilchenmann), as well as new ones coming in the future. 

                After these earlier visits, the Friday afternoon was organized in three sessions of “firing talks” with intermediate breaks (more).

                The second day was dedicated to cultural and social activities and exchange. During a digital city tour a hidden side of Basel, full of surprises, was discovered. The event concluded with a visit of the HeK museum. The artistic projects that were shown in the exhibition (Pax Award winners of 2018) explored the social and technical issues of the digital era through different senses.

                All participants agreed that this exchange must be continued at all costs. Hopefully you will soon hear about this group again which should already face planning a #DHX2020! 

                Want to be part of #DHX2020? Do not hesitate to contact us

                 


                Long-Term Archiving of Digital Knowledge, December 2018

                Long-term archiving or long-term access is a major topic after the digital turn in the humanities, as many funding agencies such as the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and the European Commission (for Horizon 2020 and ERC grant applications) are now requiring that a data management plan be in place in order to receive research funding. This new imperative raises many questions in the scientific community. In this event expectations and contributions in the field of data management and archiving were discussed. To better understand the contours of data management by emphasizing the necessary link between strategy and practice.

                We had so many great experts like: Stefan Kwasnitza (Bundesarchiv), Tobias Wildi (docuteam GmbH), Peter Fornaro and Lukas Rosenthaler (DaSCH), Dirk Duellmann (CERN) and Rino Büchel (Eidgenössische Kommission für Kulturgüterschutz).



                Contact

                Gerhard Lauer

                Prof. Dr. Gerhard Lauer
                Digital Humanities Lab
                Bernoullistrasse 32
                4056 Basel
                Switzerland

                Tel: +41 61 207 56 33

                Vera Chiquet

                Dr. Vera Chiquet
                Digital Humanities Lab
                Bernoullistrasse 32
                4056 Basel
                Switzerland

                Tel: +41 61 207 38 36